Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, is defined as a condition marked by a persistent pattern of inattention and hyperactivity or impulsivity. This ongoing pattern is so significant that it interferes with the functioning or development of a person diagnosed with ADHD. A discussion of this condition oftentimes leads to the question of can ADHD be cured?
Consideration of the Elements of ADHD
Before discussing whether ADHD can be cured, a consideration of the elements associated with the disorder is helpful, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. As mentioned a moment ago, inattention is one of the afflictions of a person with ADHD. Inattention is illustrated by a person who wanders off task and lacks persistence. Inattention means that a person is disorganized and lacks focus. In the case of a person with ADHD, these issues are not the result of a lack of comprehension or defiance.
Hyperactivity is defined as a person who moves about constantly. This includes movement in situations in which it is not appropriate. Movement is broadly defined and means getting up and moving about but also fidgeting, talking, tapping, and similar activity.
Impulsivity is defined as making hasty or impulsive actions that occur without initial thought. These actions may seem to provide immediate reward or so-called “instant gratification.” In some instances, these actions can have a high potential for harm. Little or no consideration is given to long-term consequences. These types of hasty or impulsive actions have a real propensity for interfering with others.
Can ADHD be Cured?
The question at the heart of this discussion is can ADHD be cured? In a word, no. There is no known cure of ADHD at this time. With that said, there are treatments available that control the symptoms of ADHD.
Medicinal Treatments for ADHD
Medication is widely used as a treatment for ADHD. There are a number of different types of medications utilized in the treatment of ADHD. These medications are classified as stimulant and non-stimulant treatments.
Stimulant medications used in the treatment of ADHD include amphetamine-based stimulants, dextromethamphetamine, dextromethylphenidate, and methylphenidate, according to Healthline. Indeed, some of the most commonly used courses of treatment for ADHD utilized medications from these categories of stimulant drugs. These include Adderall, Dexedrine, and Ritalin. Non-stimulant medications used in the treatment of ADHD include atomoxetine, various antidepressants, guanfacine, and clonidine.
Therapeutic Treatments for ADHD
There are a number of therapeutic options that are used in the treatment of ADHD. In many cases, drug and therapeutic treatment options are used together in the treatment of a person with ADHD. Therapeutic treatments for ADHD include psychotherapy, behavior therapy, and social skills training.
Support groups of different types are also being used in a comprehensive course of treatment for ADHD. There are support groups for younger people with ADHD as well as for adults with this diagnosis. In addition, there are support groups for parents of children diagnoses with ADHD.
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Despite a lack of a cure for ADHD, the available treatment options can prove effective at controlling symptoms of the disorder. Individualized treatment plans can be crafted for an individual patient. Utilizing a specific treatment option, or a combination of them, can make life more manageable for a person with ADHD.